Cold sores are small and provide excruciating pain for someone who suffers from it. It is a fluid filled blister that often appears on the mouth, lips or nose. It is caused by a virus and it can last for 3 or more days depending on the severity.
What causes the virus?
It will go away naturally, the body has defense mechanisms. The virus that causes it is the herpes simplex virus or HSV. It has two types the type 1 and the type 2.
How does it spread?
People can get it from person to person kissing or other forms of close contact. It can be passed due to the infected saliva and it is highly contagious. But it cannot be passed by using an infected person’s towel or belongings. Just make sure that the saliva will not get in contact with your mouth. You can find more information on the causes and remedies of cold sores at Cold Sores Cured.
What are the other symptoms?
It is sometimes accompanied by fever, colds, flu, and can increase due to exposure to the sun, stress and weakening of the immune system. It can also increase due to hormonal changes like menstruation and trauma to the skin and sometimes it just occurs with no apparent reason.
It has the tendency to recur and infected people can experience it 2 to three times a year.
When to Go to the Doctor?
Once the patient is suffering from fever, swollen glands, bleeding gums and other painful sores as well as infection in the mouth and the nose, cold sores can be very painful, the doctors can provide prescriptions to lessen the pain and shorten the attack. People who have cold sores would have a hard time eating and this could lead to dehydration and nourishment problems. This is why they need to be treated immediately.
The Four Stages of Cold Sores
The symptoms of cold sores are simple to identify and this is due to the fact that they’re nearly the same for most people. When one contracts the herpes virus, it can stay in the body for a time period that lasts from two to 20 days before one can get to notice the symptoms.
The advent of cold sores on the body comes in four stages and these stages are:
1. The first stage, or the prodromal stage– As the onset of cold sores begin, you are going to have a headache, experience fever, have lymph nodes that are swollen and, in children, drooling. You will also feel itchiness and a burning sensation on the area that is affected.
2. The second stage – The area that’s affected swells and small reddish and pimple-like bumps can be seen. At this stage, one might experience some headaches as well as a fever. One can apply some ice that’s wrapped inside a clean piece of cloth in order to soothe and reduce the inflammation.
3. The third stage – During this stage, blisters will start to form and puss will start to ooze out of the bumps. This stage is the most contagious since this could mean that one can now infect the other parts of the mouth since the puss will contain the virus. This is also the stage wherein one is left with an open wound.
4. The fourth stage – Also known as the healing stage. As the blisters start to set in, the open wound begins to heal and one could now notice the difference each and every day. To quicken the healing process, one can apply some virgin olive oil in order to soothe the wound.
The ones mentioned above are only a few of the symptoms that can be experienced once one has cold sores. If the cold sores take too long to heal, consult your physician.